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A case study adding new insights into existing guidance on women's economic empowerment (WEE) in MSD. It examines the widespread challenges to effective WEE mainstreaming in MSD programmes. It also provides examples of how the Australia Indonesia Partnership for Rural Economic Development (AIP-Rural) has tackled some of these challenges.

Despite the mainstreaming of WEE in MSD work continuing to gain conceptual and practical traction, according to the Women’s Empowerment and Market Systems (WEAMS) Framework many programmes are still 'falling short'. WEAMS puts this down to programme leadership, culture and systems.

This paper addresses these factors in the context of AIP-Rural and how its approach to WEE has evolved since 2013.

About AIP-Rural
The first phase of the programme was implemented from 2013 – 2018, with the second phase (PRISMA-2) from 2019 – 2023 in East Java, West Nusa Tenggara, East Nusa Tenggara, Papua, West Papua and Central Java.