Published by
Gatsby Africa

This study looks at how development actors and commercial entities have enhanced - or in some cases even established - distribution pathways that:

  • are operating to some degree of scale
  • are reaching smallholders (1 – 3 acres)
  • either are functioning without subsidy – or have the potential to

Particular focus is paid to business models that have addressed key constraints such as trust in products, cost for smallholders, and access to products, services and knowledge.