Case study

Systemic change in the Sri Lankan crab sector

How multiple actors and factors have contributed to a more competitive and inclusive crab sector

Published by
MDF: Market Development Facility

This case study tells the story of how the Blue Swimming Crab (BSC) market in Northern Sri Lanka evolved from an uncompetitive sector with limited value addition and buyer-controlled pricing to a more competitive, value-adding, sellers’ market. 

What began as an effort to stimulate employment in the conflict-affected North ended with a more dynamic market structure, resulting in the entire population of Northern Sri Lankan crab fishers accessing higher market prices.

The application of MSD principles and practices, such as multiple partnerships and consistent monitoring, contributed to industry evolution.