This guide explores the issues around the added complexities arising from cross-border value chains. It seeks to help value chain practitioners understand how this effects decent work - and how to minimise the negative effects and increase the positive ones.
As a result of rapid globalisation - the decrease in barriers and costs of trade, and the increased sales opportunities in emerging markets - value chains that begin and end entirely within the confines of a single national jurisdiction have become rare.
This can have benefits - such as providing skills and technologies, jobs and wage increase. But it can also facilitate social and environmental 'dumping', and contribute to disruption of local economies and a worsening of working conditions.