Tim Ruffer

This handbook is intended to provide a consistent framework for capturing and reporting results and to ensure a coherent approach to results measurement across the Growth & Employment in States (GEMS) project.

DFID is required to report the results of GEMS to a wide range of stakeholders. It is therefore important that there is consistency in the definition and measurement of its achievements – to ensure that the results reported are credible and consistent, and that there is transparency in the measurement approaches that are applied. The application of this handbook is also intended to provide programme managers with a consistent framework to measure success and value for money and thereby provide information to guide management decisions such as whether interventions require amendment or are worthy of scaling up.

The GEMS results measurement framework requires assessing changes that are attributable to an intervention. It is important that GEMS deals with attribution – i.e. drawing causal links and explanatory conclusions about the relationship between observed changes (whether anticipated or not) and specific interventions. Attributing if, how, and how much a given intervention ‘caused’ a particular ‘effect’ are some of the most important questions for M&E, and some of the most difficult to answer. The handbook provides guidance on how to address these challenges. The approach builds on, and is designed to be consistent with, the DCED Standard for Measuring Achievements in Private Sector Development.

The GEMS project is a Nigerian employment initiative supported by Nigeria's Federal Ministry of Trade and Investment (FMTI) and funded by the World Bank and the UK's Department for International Development (DFID).

Useful for:

The primary audience for the handbook is GEMS programme managers, but it is relevant to others involved in M&E in market systems development.