Turkiye/Syria - FSP, Shelter and Social Protection Market System Analysis Availability / Coordination

Reply on DGroups | 3 comments

Feb. 14, 2023, 2:58 p.m.

Amin Maghsoudi

Hi Katie,

I am a bit logistician, so there are some updates in terms of road and
access to infrastructure, especially those on transshipment across the
border between Syria and Turkey. That may help you at least for mapping the
possibility to access markets around disaster areas. You can have a look at
and also more update on coordination meetings and implementing partners:

To my understanding, CVA worked well for so long in Turkey and the delivery
of ESSN program in Turkey through multiple options of bank account, debit
card and also PPT have occured. But this was before the earthquake, yet new
assessment reports are needed to see if these FSP are still functioning.
Probably, you may get in touch to coordinate with the regional Cash Working
Group or Syria cash working group (e.g., Caritas, ....).


Warm Regards,

Amin Maghsoudi

On Tue, 14 Feb 2023 at 12:30, Katie Whitehouse <

Feb. 14, 2023, 11:23 a.m.

Roger Dean

Hi Katie and all. Great that this has come up

Not the here-and-now assessments you are asking for, but I’m sure you have the construction materials EMMA done following the Beirut blast, attached in case. It’d be great to hear from folks who read and used this EMMA, esp if they are also responding to the earthquake. At NRC we are preparing business continuity measures particularly in LFS programming, but I think this would be super relevant in WASH and Shelter also

V best


Executive Summary

This report summarizes the findings from the Beirut Port Blast emergency market mapping and assessment (EMMA) for construction materials. This EMMA focused specifically on those markets that are critical for
supporting the reconstruction materials needs of Beirut Port Blast-affected people. The specific objectives of the EMMA study are as follows:
• To identify, through a market analysis, appropriate humanitarian response options to meet shelter recovery needs, with a particular emphasis on market-based programming activities.
• To strengthen the market analysis capacity of both national and international NGO/Agency staff, and of relevant members of the broader humanitarian community.

The following four market commodities and services were selected for the assessment, each of which is of critical importance to the reconstruction of houses damaged by the Beirut Port Blast.

Cement and hollow blocks are key building materials necessary for reconstruction of homes and businesses. The assessment of the cement market system revealed that the market system is functioning and the supply chain linking the factories to retailers and consumers remains essentially intact. The main issue is that commerce is at a low ebb caused by larger economic and financial crises rather than by the Beirut Port Blast itself. Additional constraints are: (I) the uncertainty on the Lebanese Government’s decision to re-activate two cement factories which were previously closed down for environmental reasons, and (II) the imposed price lid at the middlemen level which actually resulted in a tremendous price drop from the previous 1,200,000 LBP/MT to 300,000-325,000 LBP/MT.

Flat glass (6mm transparent) is the most relevant glass type for the Beirut Port Blast shelter response in high-density poor neighbourhoods like Karm el Zeytoun, Bourj Hammoud, and Quarantina, where many non-Lebanese, such as Syrian refugees and migrant workers, are hosted. Lebanon is importing glass and, according to our research, the market chain has not been affected by the blast. While the demand for flat glass increased significantly, the assessment revealed that sufficient glass is available or can be imported at reasonable costs to meet the needs of the affected population.

Medium-density fibreboard (MDF) 8mm is the most commonly used material for standard external doors. Like aluminium and glass, MDF is imported. In the past, timber traders usually bought MDF throughout the year from geographically diverse providers based on volume and price market opportunities. This resulted in substantial stocks that can serve up to 3 months for medium-sized wholesalers, and up to 1 year for large wholesalers/importers, from the time of the survey. The Beirut Port Blast had no functional impact on the supply chain of timber since 80% of all timber and timber products such as MDF are traded through the Port of Tripoli, and all large wholesalers are based in Tripoli. Similar to the glass and aluminium markets, prices for MDF are stable and traders are not expecting any change.

Aluminium frames are the preferred material for windows in modern buildings and demand has certainly increased. However, while many windows were shattered, depending on the proximity to the blast window frames might be still be intact and repairable. That considered, the aluminium frames market nevertheless remains critical, and it was important to establish how well it is functioning.
The assessment of the aluminium market indicated that aluminium frames used in Lebanon are imported from all over the world, but mostly from neighbouring countries within the Middle East and North African (MENA) region. The supply chain linking local frame producers, importers, wholesalers, and assembling workshops is intact and has not been affected by the blast. Supply to meet the additional demand is available in the country or can be imported without facing major issues. Prices did not increase and are likely to remain stable in the coming months.

Since the selected markets are well-functioning, a market-based approach is recommended. The Lebanese Government allows cash distributions in USD, so the most feasible modalities are either USD through direct cash distributions (cash in hand) or by using Financial Service Providers (FSP) such as banks or BoB Finance. Following in Section 10 of this report are more detailed response options that humanitarian actors and donors might consider. The overall objective of these response options is repairing damaged buildings through local market systems by using a market-based approach (MBA) such as cash or vouchers.

Roger Dean (he/him)
Global Lead, Market Systems
Norwegian Refugee Council
Phone/WhatsApp: +44 7812373629 | Skype: rogerdean1

I work part-time, typically Monday-Thursday 9:30-2:30 UK

Feb. 14, 2023, 10:30 a.m.

Katie Whitehouse

Hi All. Trying to practise what we preach and understand the systems in which we are working to inform the response and recovery and trying not to duplicate efforts.
Raising this question on behalf of DRC team (and other NGO colleagues in Turkiye).

Does any recent analysis exist that can be shared on the FSP, social protection and shelter sectors exist for south-east Turkiye (or elsewhere in Turkiye)?

This is to support design on CVA deployments and understand/predict wider financial inclusion issues for IDPs vs refugees etc. as well as future recovery efforts.

Would also be interested in discussing learning from Lebanon and Shelter if there is an appetite to do this?

Always looking to coordinate efforts on assessments / data sharing so please get in touch directly at [Hidden email] if you want to discuss in more detail.