This breakout session at the DCED / BEAM 2018 seminar explored how latrine services and other waste management services are creating job-rich opportunities for youth SMEs in emerging cities and markets through recycling, manufacturing and assembly.

It shared practical experience from the Taka ni Mali project in Tanzania (implemented by Swisscontact) and GEMS 4 programme's Waste Management component in Nigeria (implemented by Coffey)

The main lesson is that unique features of cities in rapidly urbanising countries have important implications for how we adapt the market systems approach

1. Complexity - interconnectivity

2. Dynamic nature of cities, can be resilient to change

3. Exclusion, i.e. informality versus formality