Two decades ago, public private partnership for health was a novel idea in low and middle income countries. Now, most governments in these countries are working with private health actors in some shape or form. So what can we say about the success of such initiatives? Insight Health Advisors recently concluded a research project that looked at schemes whereby governments pay private health providers to deliver health services to the poor in Kenya, Uganda and India. This presentation, delivered at a webinar, highlights some of the analysis.